Objectives To assess the safety and efficacy of tadalafil once daily on lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH-LUTS) in men without erectile dysfunction (ED). To compare these with effects in men with ED. Patients and Methods After a 4-week washout period and 4-week placebo run-in period, 1089 men without ED (n = 338) and with ED (n = 751) were randomly assigned to placebo or tadalafil 5 mg once daily for 12 weeks in three global clinical studies with similar designs. In the pooled dataset, post hoc analyses of covariance assessed the impact and severity of BPH-LUTS using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the BPH Impact Index (BII) and IPSS quality-of-life (IPSS-QoL) subscores. Safety was assessed using treatment-emergent adverse events. The treatment-by-ED-status interaction was used to assess efficacy differences between the with/without ED subgroups. Results Men without ED were similar in BPH-LUTS severity/previous therapy to men with ED. Tadalafil significantly reduced BPH-LUTS from baseline when compared with placebo in men without ED (IPSS -5.4 vs -3.3, P < 0.01; IPSS voiding subscore -3.5 vs -2.0, P < 0.01; IPSS storage subscore -1.9 vs -1.3, P < 0.05). Tadalafil also significantly improved quality of life from baseline when compared with placebo in men without ED (IPSS-QoL -1.0 vs -0.7, BII -1.4 vs -1.0; both P < 0.05). Between-ED-subgroup interactions were not significant (all P > 0.68). Tadalafil was safe and well tolerated. Conclusion Tadalafil 5 mg once daily improved BPH-LUTS in men without ED by a magnitude similar to that observed in men with ED. The adverse event profile in men without ED was consistent with that observed in men with ED.
- erectile dysfunction
- lower urinary tract symptoms
- phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors
- prostatic hyperplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas