Targeted down-regulation of caveolin-3 is sufficient to inhibit myotube formation in differentiating C2C12 myoblasts. Transient activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is required for induction of caveolin-3 expression and subsequent myotube formation

Ferruccio Galbiati, Daniela Volonté, Jeffrey A. Engelman, Philipp E. Scherer, Michael P. Lisanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Caveolin-3 is the principal structural protein of caveolae membrane domains in striated muscle cells. Caveolin-3 mRNA and protein expression are dramatically induced during the differentiation of C2C12 skeletal myoblasts, coincident with myoblast fusion. In these myotubes, caveolin-3 localizes to the sarcolemma (muscle cell plasma membrane), where it associates with the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex. However, it remains unknown what role caveolin-3 plays in myoblast differentiation and myotube formation. Here, we employ an antisense approach to derive stable C2C12 myoblasts that fail to express the caveolin-3 protein. We show that C2C12 cells harboring caveolin-3 antisense undergo differentiation and express normal amounts of four muscle- specific marker proteins. However, C2C12 cells harboring caveolin-3 antisense fail to undergo myoblast fusion and, therefore, do not form myotubes. Interestingly, treatment with specific p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors blocks both myotube formation and caveolin-3 expression, but does not affect the expression of other muscle-specific proteins. In addition, we find that three human rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines do not express caveolin-3 and fail to undergo myoblast fusion. Taken together, these results support the idea that caveolin-3 expression is required for myoblast fusion and myotube formation, and suggest that p38 is an upstream regulator of caveolin- 3 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30315-30321
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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