The Association of Rehospitalization With Participation 5 Years After Traumatic Brain Injury

Kimberly S. Erler, Shannon B Juengst, Gale G. Whiteneck, Joseph J. Locascio, Jennifer A. Bogner, Jamie Kaminski, Joseph T. Giacino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rehospitalization during the first 2 years after moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor participation at 5 years post-TBI, after controlling for demographic and severity factors. SETTING: TBI Model Systems Program. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals with TBI, 16 years or older (n = 1940). DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis of a multicenter prospective study. MAIN MEASURES: Participation Assessment with Recombined Tools-Objective (PART-O). RESULTS: After controlling for demographic and severity factors, a general linear model indicated that rehospitalization status (ie, never rehospitalized during years 1 and 2, rehospitalized either during year 1 or 2, or rehospitalized during both years 1 and 2) predicted less participation at 5 years post-TBI (P = .0353). The PART-O scores were in the hypothesized direction, with the lowest covariate-adjusted mean participation score found for the group with rehospitalizations during both years and the highest covariate-adjusted mean participation score found in the group with no rehospitalizations. Examining total number of rehospitalizations during years 1 and 2, rather than rehospitalization status, yielded analogous results (P = .0148). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that rehospitalization in the first 2 years after TBI is negatively associated with participation at 5 years after injury. Since participation is considered a key indicator of successful TBI rehabilitation, minimizing the need for rehospitalizations and promoting health in the community setting should be a priority of postacute care for individuals with TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E77-E84
JournalThe Journal of head trauma rehabilitation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

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