The rise of robotic surgery is transforming medicine. In many ways, urology has taken charge in pioneering a new era of minimally invasive surgery with the emergence of the robot. The unprecedented dissecting precision and the dynamic three-dimensional, high definition view of the surgical field are undoubtedly revolutionizing the field of urology. These unique attributes of robotic surgery confer enormous advantages in dealing with uro-oncological surgery. The robotic revolution began nearly a decade ago with surgeon-controlled robotic radical prostatectomy and has since expanded to include radical cystectomies and partial nephrectomies. There have been numerous landmark studies published showing that robotic surgery provides comparable oncological and functional outcomes against traditional open or laparoscopic surgery. As a result, it becomes exceedingly imperative that urologists and the oncological community remain up-to-date regarding these developments and appreciate the oncological outcomes of surgeon-controlled robotic surgery. This review will assess the impact surgeon-controlled robotic surgery has had in the field of urologic oncology.
- Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy
- Robot-assisted radical cystectomy
- Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy
- Urologic cancer
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