The generation of the oxidized form of creatine kinase is a negative regulation on muscle creatine kinase

Tong Jin Zhao, Yong Bin Yan, Yang Liu, Hai Meng Zhou

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Abstract

Muscle creatine kinase (CK) is a crucial enzyme in energy metabolism, and it exists in two forms, the reduced form (R-CK) and the oxidized form (O-CK). In contrast with R-CK, O-CK contained an intrachain disulfide bond in each subunit. Here we explored the properties of O-CK and its regulatory role on muscle CK. The intrachain disulfide bond in O-CK was demonstrated to be formed between Cys74 and Cys146 by site-directed mutagenesis. Biophysical analysis indicated that O-CK showed decreased catalytic activity and that it might be structurally unstable. Further assays through guanidine hydrochloride denaturation and proteolysis by trypsin and protease K revealed that the tertiary structure of O-CK was more easily disturbed than that of R-CK. Surprisingly, O-CK, unlike R-CK, cannot interact with the M-line protein myomesin through biosensor assay, indicating that O-CK might have no role in muscle contraction. Through in vitro ubiquitination assay, CK was demonstrated to be a specific substrate of muscle ring finger protein 1 (MURF-1). O-CK can be rapidly ubiquitinated by MURF-1, while R-CK can hardly be ubiquitinated, implying that CK might be degraded by the ATP-ubiquitin-proteasome pathway through the generation of O-CK. The results above were further confirmed by molecular modeling of the structure of O-CK. Therefore, it can be concluded that the generation of O-CK was a negative regulation of R-CK and that O-CK might play essential roles in the molecular turnover of MM-CK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12022-12029
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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