The Hispanic health paradox: From epidemiological phenomenon to contribution opportunities for psychological science

John M. Ruiz, Heidi A. Hamann, Matthias R. Mehl, Mary Frances O’Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Similar to non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanics/Latinos experience a range of psychosocial and physical health challenges, including high rates of poverty, neighborhood segregation, discrimination, poor healthcare access, and high rates of obesity, diabetes, and undiagnosed and late-stage diagnosed diseases. Despite such risks, Hispanics generally experience better physical health and lower mortality than non-Hispanic Whites, an epidemiological phenomenon commonly referred to as the Hispanic or Latino health paradox. With the basic phenomenon increasingly well-established, attention now turns to the sources of such resilience. The current aims are to briefly examine the epidemiological paradox and highlight potential sociocultural resilience factors that may contribute to the paradoxical effects. We conclude with presentation of a framework for modeling sociocultural resilience and discuss future directions for psychological contributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-476
Number of pages15
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • health disparities
  • Hispanic paradox
  • Hispanic/Latino
  • mortality
  • race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Psychology

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