The inactivating factor of glutamine synthetase IF17 Is an intrinsically disordered protein, which folds upon binding to its target

Lorena Saelices, Carla V. Galmozzi, Francisco J. Florencio, M. Isabel Muro-Pastor, José L. Neira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In cyanobacteria, ammonium is incorporated into carbon skeletons by the sequential action of glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase (GOGAT). The activity of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 glutamine synthetase type I (GS) is controlled by a post-transcriptional process involving protein-protein interactions with two inactivating factors: the 65-residue-long protein (IF7) and the 149-residue-long one (IF17). The sequence of the C terminus of IF17 is similar to IF7; IF7 is an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP). In this work, we study the structural propensities and affinity for GS of IF17 and a chimera protein, IF17N/IF7 (constructed by fusing the first 82 residues of IF17 with the whole IF7) by fluorescence, CD, and NMR. IF17 and IF17N/IF7 are IDPs with residual non-hydrogen-bonded structure, probably formed by α-helical, turn-like, and PPII conformations; several theoretical predictions support these experimental findings. IF17 seems to fold upon binding to GS, as suggested by CD thermal denaturations and steady-state far-UV spectra. The apparent affinity of IF17 for GS, as measured by fluorescence, is slightly smaller (K D ∼1 μM) than that measured for IF7 (∼0.3 μM). The K Ds determined by CD are similar to those measured by fluorescence, but slightly larger, suggesting possible conformational rearrangements in the IFs and/or GS upon binding. Further, the results with IFN17/IF7 suggest that (i) binding of IF17 to the GS is modulated not only by its C-terminal region but also by its N-terminus and (ii) there are weakly structured (that is, "fuzzy") complexes in the ternary GS-IF system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9767-9778
Number of pages12
JournalBiochemistry
Volume50
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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