The influence of major depressive disorder at both the preoperative and postoperative evaluations for total knee arthroplasty outcomes

Marieke A. Visser, Krista J. Howard, Henry B. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of major depressive disorder, both preoperatively and one year postoperatively, on the functional and psychosocial outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods. Two hundred sixty patients undergoing a total knee arthroplasty completed both the baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments. Short-Form Health Inventory (SF36), Western Ontario and McMaster University Arthritis Index (WOMAC), and Knee Society Score (KSS) were measured both preoperatively and postoperatively. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) was used to diagnose major depressive disorder (MDD) at baseline and follow-up; patients were then classified into one of four groups: No MDD, Lost MDD, Gained MDD, and Continuous MDD. Univariate analysis compared the four groups at baseline, one-year follow-up, and change scores using a Kruskal-Wallis test for continuous data or a chi-square test of independence for categorical data. Results. Two hundred seven (79.60%) patients were in the No MDD group, 22 (8.50%) patients were in the Lost MDD group, 19 (7.30%) patients were in the Gained MDD group, and 12 (4.60%) patients were in the Continuous MDD group. There were significant between-group differences present in baseline measures of WOMAC and SF36 mental health summary. In addition, there were significant group differences in the follow-up WOMAC, KSS, and SF36 scores. Conclusions. Depression was associated with poorer preoperative and postoperative TKA scores. Patients who were depressed 12 months after surgery demonstrated poorer recovery than patients who did not show depressive symptoms before TKA or within the year after.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)826-833
Number of pages8
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Physical Function
  • Postoperative Outcomes
  • Quality of Life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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