The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics

Siraj A. Mira, Daad H. Akbar, Ibrahim A. Hashim, Siham H. Salamah, Tarif H. Zawawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance syndrome among type-II Saudi diabetics. Methods. The study involved type-II Saudi diabetics followed at the Out-patient Clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from January 1997 to December 1998. Their age, sex and body mass index was recorded. Serum samples were analyzed for glucose. Insulin C-peptide level and insulin glucose index was calculated. Serum cholesterol, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, triglyceride, and uric acid were measured. Results. A total of 109 patients were studied, (67 females and 42 males) with an age range from 28 to 105 years. Median body mass index was 27 in males and 30.2 in females. Percentage of male and female patients with the following abnormalities were as follows: Total cholesterol >5.3mmol/L (47.6% males, 40.9% females), high density lipoproteins-cholesterol <1.2mmol/L (71.4% males, 40.9% females), low density lipoproteins-cholesterol >3.4mmol/L (42.8% males, 37.9% females), triglyceride >2.3mmol/L (40.5% males, 31.8% females), insulin >24mIU/l (23.8% males, 29.7% females), C-peptide >1324 pmol/L (21.2% males, 13% females) and hypertension (33.3% males, 43.8% females). Uric acid >420umol/L was found in 35.5% males and >390umol/L in 25.6% females. Body mass index >27.8 was found in males (35.7%) and >27.3 in females (67.7%). Insulin resistance as defined by insulin glucose index >5.4 was found in 19.8% of the study group (23.8% males, 15.9% females). Insulin resistance syndrome was found in 16.5% (17.1% males, 15.9% females). Conclusion: Insulin resistance syndrome is common among type-II Saudi diabetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1048
Number of pages4
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Volume23
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

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Insulin Resistance
Insulin
Body Mass Index
C-Peptide
Uric Acid
Glucose
HDL Cholesterol
Saudi Arabia
Serum
Triglycerides
Outpatients
Cholesterol
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Diabetic
  • Insulin resistance syndrome
  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Mira, S. A., Akbar, D. H., Hashim, I. A., Salamah, S. H., & Zawawi, T. H. (2002). The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics. Saudi Medical Journal, 23(9), 1045-1048.

The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics. / Mira, Siraj A.; Akbar, Daad H.; Hashim, Ibrahim A.; Salamah, Siham H.; Zawawi, Tarif H.

In: Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 23, No. 9, 01.09.2002, p. 1045-1048.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mira, SA, Akbar, DH, Hashim, IA, Salamah, SH & Zawawi, TH 2002, 'The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics', Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1045-1048.
Mira SA, Akbar DH, Hashim IA, Salamah SH, Zawawi TH. The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics. Saudi Medical Journal. 2002 Sep 1;23(9):1045-1048.
Mira, Siraj A. ; Akbar, Daad H. ; Hashim, Ibrahim A. ; Salamah, Siham H. ; Zawawi, Tarif H. / The insulin resistance syndrome among type II diabetics. In: Saudi Medical Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 23, No. 9. pp. 1045-1048.
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abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance syndrome among type-II Saudi diabetics. Methods. The study involved type-II Saudi diabetics followed at the Out-patient Clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from January 1997 to December 1998. Their age, sex and body mass index was recorded. Serum samples were analyzed for glucose. Insulin C-peptide level and insulin glucose index was calculated. Serum cholesterol, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, triglyceride, and uric acid were measured. Results. A total of 109 patients were studied, (67 females and 42 males) with an age range from 28 to 105 years. Median body mass index was 27 in males and 30.2 in females. Percentage of male and female patients with the following abnormalities were as follows: Total cholesterol >5.3mmol/L (47.6{\%} males, 40.9{\%} females), high density lipoproteins-cholesterol <1.2mmol/L (71.4{\%} males, 40.9{\%} females), low density lipoproteins-cholesterol >3.4mmol/L (42.8{\%} males, 37.9{\%} females), triglyceride >2.3mmol/L (40.5{\%} males, 31.8{\%} females), insulin >24mIU/l (23.8{\%} males, 29.7{\%} females), C-peptide >1324 pmol/L (21.2{\%} males, 13{\%} females) and hypertension (33.3{\%} males, 43.8{\%} females). Uric acid >420umol/L was found in 35.5{\%} males and >390umol/L in 25.6{\%} females. Body mass index >27.8 was found in males (35.7{\%}) and >27.3 in females (67.7{\%}). Insulin resistance as defined by insulin glucose index >5.4 was found in 19.8{\%} of the study group (23.8{\%} males, 15.9{\%} females). Insulin resistance syndrome was found in 16.5{\%} (17.1{\%} males, 15.9{\%} females). Conclusion: Insulin resistance syndrome is common among type-II Saudi diabetics.",
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AU - Hashim, Ibrahim A.

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AU - Zawawi, Tarif H.

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N2 - Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance syndrome among type-II Saudi diabetics. Methods. The study involved type-II Saudi diabetics followed at the Out-patient Clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from January 1997 to December 1998. Their age, sex and body mass index was recorded. Serum samples were analyzed for glucose. Insulin C-peptide level and insulin glucose index was calculated. Serum cholesterol, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, triglyceride, and uric acid were measured. Results. A total of 109 patients were studied, (67 females and 42 males) with an age range from 28 to 105 years. Median body mass index was 27 in males and 30.2 in females. Percentage of male and female patients with the following abnormalities were as follows: Total cholesterol >5.3mmol/L (47.6% males, 40.9% females), high density lipoproteins-cholesterol <1.2mmol/L (71.4% males, 40.9% females), low density lipoproteins-cholesterol >3.4mmol/L (42.8% males, 37.9% females), triglyceride >2.3mmol/L (40.5% males, 31.8% females), insulin >24mIU/l (23.8% males, 29.7% females), C-peptide >1324 pmol/L (21.2% males, 13% females) and hypertension (33.3% males, 43.8% females). Uric acid >420umol/L was found in 35.5% males and >390umol/L in 25.6% females. Body mass index >27.8 was found in males (35.7%) and >27.3 in females (67.7%). Insulin resistance as defined by insulin glucose index >5.4 was found in 19.8% of the study group (23.8% males, 15.9% females). Insulin resistance syndrome was found in 16.5% (17.1% males, 15.9% females). Conclusion: Insulin resistance syndrome is common among type-II Saudi diabetics.

AB - Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of insulin resistance syndrome among type-II Saudi diabetics. Methods. The study involved type-II Saudi diabetics followed at the Out-patient Clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, from January 1997 to December 1998. Their age, sex and body mass index was recorded. Serum samples were analyzed for glucose. Insulin C-peptide level and insulin glucose index was calculated. Serum cholesterol, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, triglyceride, and uric acid were measured. Results. A total of 109 patients were studied, (67 females and 42 males) with an age range from 28 to 105 years. Median body mass index was 27 in males and 30.2 in females. Percentage of male and female patients with the following abnormalities were as follows: Total cholesterol >5.3mmol/L (47.6% males, 40.9% females), high density lipoproteins-cholesterol <1.2mmol/L (71.4% males, 40.9% females), low density lipoproteins-cholesterol >3.4mmol/L (42.8% males, 37.9% females), triglyceride >2.3mmol/L (40.5% males, 31.8% females), insulin >24mIU/l (23.8% males, 29.7% females), C-peptide >1324 pmol/L (21.2% males, 13% females) and hypertension (33.3% males, 43.8% females). Uric acid >420umol/L was found in 35.5% males and >390umol/L in 25.6% females. Body mass index >27.8 was found in males (35.7%) and >27.3 in females (67.7%). Insulin resistance as defined by insulin glucose index >5.4 was found in 19.8% of the study group (23.8% males, 15.9% females). Insulin resistance syndrome was found in 16.5% (17.1% males, 15.9% females). Conclusion: Insulin resistance syndrome is common among type-II Saudi diabetics.

KW - Diabetic

KW - Insulin resistance syndrome

KW - Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

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