The LMA has been commercially available since 1988, and in the United States since 1992. The device combines several advantages of endotracheal tubes and face masks and may be used in many situations where either device was previously used routinely. Its principal advantage is a clearer airway, without the morbidity associated with endotracheal intubation. Although not suitable for all patients and procedures, the LMA has become widely used in all other countries where it is available. Many of the surgical procedures for which the LMA is most suited are performed in outpatients, and we expect this device will soon become popular in carefully selected cases in this country.
- anesthesia, outpatient
- intubation, intratracheal
- laryngeal mask airway
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine