The MFMU Cesarean Registry: Impact of time of day on cesarean complications

Jennifer L. Bailit, Mark B. Landon, Elizabeth Thom, Dwight J. Rouse, Catherine Y. Spong, Michael W. Varner, Atef H. Moawad, Steve N. Caritis, Margaret Harper, Ronald J. Wapner, Yoram Sorokin, Menachem Miodovnik, Mary J. O'Sullivan, Baha M. Sibai, Oded Langer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Objective: Studies suggest that sleep deprivation adversely affects performance. We hypothesized that cesarean delivery complications would be more frequent during the night shift (11 pm-7 am), and evaluated morbidities by delivery shift. Study design: Eighteen thousand nine hundred and thirty-nine term women undergoing an unscheduled cesarean delivery in 13 centers from 1999 to 2000 within a prospective observational study were included. Maternal/neonatal morbidities and time from decision to cesarean delivery were evaluated by time of delivery (7 am-3 pm, 3 pm-11 pm, 11 pm-7 am). A composite of maternal morbidities was evaluated by logistic regression controlling for potentially confounding factors. Results: Controlling for age, race, insurance, cardiac disease, preeclampsia, diabetes, previous incision type, and prenatal care, shift of delivery had no impact on maternal morbidity (11 pm-7 am OR 0.9 [95% CI 0.81-1.0]). NICU admissions were slightly increased at night but neonatal complications were not. Conclusion: Maternal and neonatal complications of cesarean delivery do not increase with delivery during the night shift.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1132-1137
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cesarean delivery
  • Maternal morbidity
  • Neonatal morbidity
  • Work shift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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