The National Kidney Foundation of Illinois KidneyMobile: A mobile resource for community based screenings of chronic kidney disease and its risk factors

Swati Lederer, Laurie Ruggiero, Nicole M. Sisen, Nancy Lepain, Kate Grubbs O'Connor, Yamin Wang, Jinsong Chen, James P. Lash, Michael J. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Early detection and treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its risk factors improves outcomes; however, many high-risk individuals lack access to healthcare. The National Kidney Foundation of Illinois (NKFI) developed the KidneyMobile (KM) to conduct community-based screenings, provide disease education, and facilitate follow-up appointments for diabetes, hypertension, and CKD. Methods: Cross-sectional design. Adults > = 18 years of age participated in NKFI KM screenings across Illinois between 2005 and 2011. Sociodemographic and medical history were self-reported using structured interviews; laboratory data and blood pressure were assessed using standard procedures. Results: Among 20,770 participants, mean age was 53.5 years, 68% were female, 49% were African-American or Hispanic, 21% primarily spoke Spanish, and at least 27% lacked health insurance. Seventy-eight percent of participants with elevated blood pressure (≥ 140/90 mmHg) were aware of having hypertension, 93% of participants with abnormal blood glucose (fasting glucose > 126 mg/dl or a random glucose of > 200 mg/dL) were aware of having diabetes, and 19% of participants with albuminuria (> 30 mg/gm) were aware of having CKD. In participants reporting hypertension, 47% had blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, and in those reporting diabetes, 56% had blood glucose ≥ 130 mg/dl (fasting) or ≥ 180 mg/dl (random). Among 4937 participants with abnormal screening findings that participated in follow-up interviews, 69% reported having further medical evaluation. Conclusions: A high-risk disadvantaged population is being reached by the NKFI KidneyMobile and connected with healthcare services. A significant proportion of participants were newly informed of having abnormal results suggestive of diabetes, hypertension, and/or CKD or that their diabetes and hypertension were inadequately controlled.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number295
JournalBMC nephrology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2018

Keywords

  • Awareness
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney disease
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The National Kidney Foundation of Illinois KidneyMobile: A mobile resource for community based screenings of chronic kidney disease and its risk factors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this