The PNPLA3 variant associated with fatty liver disease (I148M) accumulates on lipid droplets by evading ubiquitylation

Soumik Basuray, Eriks Smagris, Jonathan C. Cohen, Helen H. Hobbs

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Abstract

A sequence variation (I148M) in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is strongly associated with fatty liver disease, but the underlying mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we used knock-in (KI) mice (Pnpla3148M/M) to examine the mechanism responsible for accumulation of triglyceride (TG) and PNPLA3 in hepatic lipid droplets (LDs). No differences were found between Pnpla3148M/M and Pnpla3+/+ mice in hepatic TG synthesis, utilization, or secretion. These results are consistent with TG accumulation in the Pnpla3148M/M mice being caused by impaired TG mobilization from LDs. Sucrose feeding, which is required to elicit fatty liver in KI mice, led to a much larger and more persistent increase in PNPLA3 protein in the KI mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. Inhibition of the proteasome (bortezomib), but not macroautophagy (3-methyladenine), markedly increased PNPLA3 levels in WT mice, coincident with the appearance of ubiquitylated forms of the protein. Bortezomib did not increase PNPLA3 levels in Pnpla3148M/M mice, and only trace amounts of ubiquitylated PNPLA3 were seen in these animals. Conclusion: These results are consistent with the notion that the 148M variant disrupts ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of PNPLA3, resulting in accumulation of PNPLA3-148M and impaired mobilization of TG from LDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHepatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

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Phospholipases
Ubiquitination
Fatty Liver
Liver Diseases
Triglycerides
Lipid Droplets
Protein Domains
Liver
Autophagy
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Sucrose
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Cite this

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title = "The PNPLA3 variant associated with fatty liver disease (I148M) accumulates on lipid droplets by evading ubiquitylation",
abstract = "A sequence variation (I148M) in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is strongly associated with fatty liver disease, but the underlying mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we used knock-in (KI) mice (Pnpla3148M/M) to examine the mechanism responsible for accumulation of triglyceride (TG) and PNPLA3 in hepatic lipid droplets (LDs). No differences were found between Pnpla3148M/M and Pnpla3+/+ mice in hepatic TG synthesis, utilization, or secretion. These results are consistent with TG accumulation in the Pnpla3148M/M mice being caused by impaired TG mobilization from LDs. Sucrose feeding, which is required to elicit fatty liver in KI mice, led to a much larger and more persistent increase in PNPLA3 protein in the KI mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. Inhibition of the proteasome (bortezomib), but not macroautophagy (3-methyladenine), markedly increased PNPLA3 levels in WT mice, coincident with the appearance of ubiquitylated forms of the protein. Bortezomib did not increase PNPLA3 levels in Pnpla3148M/M mice, and only trace amounts of ubiquitylated PNPLA3 were seen in these animals. Conclusion: These results are consistent with the notion that the 148M variant disrupts ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of PNPLA3, resulting in accumulation of PNPLA3-148M and impaired mobilization of TG from LDs.",
author = "Soumik Basuray and Eriks Smagris and Cohen, {Jonathan C.} and Hobbs, {Helen H.}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1002/hep.29273",
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journal = "Hepatology",
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T1 - The PNPLA3 variant associated with fatty liver disease (I148M) accumulates on lipid droplets by evading ubiquitylation

AU - Basuray, Soumik

AU - Smagris, Eriks

AU - Cohen, Jonathan C.

AU - Hobbs, Helen H.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A sequence variation (I148M) in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is strongly associated with fatty liver disease, but the underlying mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we used knock-in (KI) mice (Pnpla3148M/M) to examine the mechanism responsible for accumulation of triglyceride (TG) and PNPLA3 in hepatic lipid droplets (LDs). No differences were found between Pnpla3148M/M and Pnpla3+/+ mice in hepatic TG synthesis, utilization, or secretion. These results are consistent with TG accumulation in the Pnpla3148M/M mice being caused by impaired TG mobilization from LDs. Sucrose feeding, which is required to elicit fatty liver in KI mice, led to a much larger and more persistent increase in PNPLA3 protein in the KI mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. Inhibition of the proteasome (bortezomib), but not macroautophagy (3-methyladenine), markedly increased PNPLA3 levels in WT mice, coincident with the appearance of ubiquitylated forms of the protein. Bortezomib did not increase PNPLA3 levels in Pnpla3148M/M mice, and only trace amounts of ubiquitylated PNPLA3 were seen in these animals. Conclusion: These results are consistent with the notion that the 148M variant disrupts ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of PNPLA3, resulting in accumulation of PNPLA3-148M and impaired mobilization of TG from LDs.

AB - A sequence variation (I148M) in patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) is strongly associated with fatty liver disease, but the underlying mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we used knock-in (KI) mice (Pnpla3148M/M) to examine the mechanism responsible for accumulation of triglyceride (TG) and PNPLA3 in hepatic lipid droplets (LDs). No differences were found between Pnpla3148M/M and Pnpla3+/+ mice in hepatic TG synthesis, utilization, or secretion. These results are consistent with TG accumulation in the Pnpla3148M/M mice being caused by impaired TG mobilization from LDs. Sucrose feeding, which is required to elicit fatty liver in KI mice, led to a much larger and more persistent increase in PNPLA3 protein in the KI mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. Inhibition of the proteasome (bortezomib), but not macroautophagy (3-methyladenine), markedly increased PNPLA3 levels in WT mice, coincident with the appearance of ubiquitylated forms of the protein. Bortezomib did not increase PNPLA3 levels in Pnpla3148M/M mice, and only trace amounts of ubiquitylated PNPLA3 were seen in these animals. Conclusion: These results are consistent with the notion that the 148M variant disrupts ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of PNPLA3, resulting in accumulation of PNPLA3-148M and impaired mobilization of TG from LDs.

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