The relationship between surgical changes in dentofacial morphology and changes in maximum bite force

G. S. Throckmorton, E. Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study determined whether patients with greater surgical changes, and presumably greater normalization of their skeletal morphology, showed greater increases in their maximum voluntary bite forces after orthognathic surgery. Patients and Methods: A total of 104 adult patients (32 males and 72 females) treated with 1 of 8 different orthognathic surgical procedures were examined. Patients' presurgical and postsurgical morphologic and biomechanical measurements were taken from lateral cephalograms. Measurements known to be related to maximum bite force were used in the analysis. Patients' presurgical and postsurgical maximum bite forces were measured at 8 tooth positions (ie, right and left incisors, canines, premolars and molars). Results: Presurgical and postsurgical morphology and biomechanics variables were strongly correlated with each other, suggesting that orthognathic surgery produced relatively little change in patients' overall craniofacial form. Maximum voluntary bite forces were primarily correlated with variables relating to jaw size--both before and after surgery. No correlations were noted between the increases in maximum voluntary bite forces and surgically produced changes in skeletal morphology and the biomechanics variables. Conclusions: Factors other than surgically produced changes in skeletal morphology are responsible for increases in maximum voluntary bite force after orthognathic surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-627
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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