The role of astrocytes in autoimmune disease of the central nervous system

Olaf Stüve, Scott S. Zamvil

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cell population in the central nervous system (CNS). In the healthy brain and spinal cord, the major function of astrocytes includes the formation and maintenance of the blood brain barrier (BBB), and the supply of structural support and nourishment to neurons. This article will discuss the role of astrocytes in multiple sclerosis (MS) and other inflammatory autoimmune diseases of the CNS. We will address the capacity of astrocytes to serve as immunocompetent cells, their role in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II restricted antigen (Ag) presentation, and their ability to express costimulatory molecules. We will also discuss astrocytes as the major CNS producers of several chemokines and cytokines, and their relevance to neurological disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExperimental Models of Multiple Sclerosis
PublisherSpringer US
Pages85-108
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9780387255187
ISBN (Print)0387255176, 9780387255170
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

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Keywords

  • antigen presentation
  • astrocytes
  • co-stimulatory molecules
  • major histocompatibility complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Stüve, O., & Zamvil, S. S. (2005). The role of astrocytes in autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. In Experimental Models of Multiple Sclerosis (pp. 85-108). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-25518-4_6