In the present investigation we studied the role of cAMP as a mediator of ACTH action in human fetal adrenal (HFA) tissue. We have characterized the response to ACTH, dibutyryl adenosine 3′, 5′-cyclic monophosphoric acid (dbcAMP), and cholera toxin (CT) with respect to steroidogenesis, low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding, degradation of LDL, and the rate of de novo synthesis of cholesterol. The rateof dehydroisoandrosterone sulfate secretion was similar in HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT. In contrast, cortisol secretion by HFA tissue was more sensitive to dbcAMP and CT than to ACTH. In membrane preparations obtained from HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT, there was a 2 to 3-fold increase of specific binding of [125I]iodo-LDL. In HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH or CT, the rate of degradation of LDL was significantly increased compared to tissue maintained in the lipoprotein-poor serum alone. Finally, in HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT there was a 6- to 10-fold stimulation of the rate of incorporation of [14C]acetate into cholesterol. We conclude that steroidogenesis, LDL binding, and degradation, as well as de novo synthesis of cholesterol, are probably stimulated in HFA tissue via a cAMP-mediated pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical