The role of cyclic adenosine 3′, 5′–monophosphate in cholesterol metabolismand steroidogenesis by the human fetal adrenal gland

B. R. Carr, M. Ohashi, C. R. Parker, E. R. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present investigation we studied the role of cAMP as a mediator of ACTH action in human fetal adrenal (HFA) tissue. We have characterized the response to ACTH, dibutyryl adenosine 3′, 5′-cyclic monophosphoric acid (dbcAMP), and cholera toxin (CT) with respect to steroidogenesis, low density lipoprotein (LDL) binding, degradation of LDL, and the rate of de novo synthesis of cholesterol. The rateof dehydroisoandrosterone sulfate secretion was similar in HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT. In contrast, cortisol secretion by HFA tissue was more sensitive to dbcAMP and CT than to ACTH. In membrane preparations obtained from HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT, there was a 2 to 3-fold increase of specific binding of [125I]iodo-LDL. In HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH or CT, the rate of degradation of LDL was significantly increased compared to tissue maintained in the lipoprotein-poor serum alone. Finally, in HFA tissue maintained in the presence of ACTH, dbcAMP, or CT there was a 6- to 10-fold stimulation of the rate of incorporation of [14C]acetate into cholesterol. We conclude that steroidogenesis, LDL binding, and degradation, as well as de novo synthesis of cholesterol, are probably stimulated in HFA tissue via a cAMP-mediated pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1124-1128
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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