The role of occlusion in the dental implant and peri-implant condition: A review

Carmen V. Graves, Steve K. Harrel, Jeffrey A. Rossmann, David Kerns, Jorge A. Gonzalez, Elias D. Kontogiorgos, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi, Celeste Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dental implants have become a widely used dental treatment approach. It is important to identify factors that can be detrimental to dental implants and the peri-implant complex. There is controversy regarding whether occlusion plays a role in the implant and peri-implant condition. The present study aims to review the scientific literature regarding this topic. Animal and human studies, and previous reviews on the topic are included and presented. There is a wide heterogeneity among study designs. Several articles demonstrated that occlusion and occlusion overload could detrimentally affect the peri-implant condition, while other articles did not support these results. More studies are needed to help understand the mechanisms by which occlusion might play a role in the peri-implant condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-601
Number of pages8
JournalOpen Dentistry Journal
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Keywords

  • Dental implants
  • Occlusal discrepancies
  • Occlusion
  • Overload
  • Peri-implant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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