The role of the dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex (dACC) in a cognitive and emotional counting Stroop task: Two cases

Wing Ting To, Dirk De Ridder, Tomas Menovsky, John Hart, Sven Vanneste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Background: The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been implicated in both cognitive and emotional processing, with cognitive information proposed to be processed through the dorsal/caudal ACC and emotional information through the rostral/ventral ACC. Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the role of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) in cognitive and emotional processing using a cognitive and emotional counting Stroop task in two patients in whom abnormalities in the dACC were identified and treated. Methods: Two patients performed the cognitive and emotional counting Stroop task before and after treatment to examine whether the dACC has a specific or more general processing function. Results: We observed an overall improvement in the emotional, cognitive, and neutral trials of the counting Stroop task after the intervention, indicating that the dACC is not a subregion of the ACC that only contributes to a specific domain. Conclusion: This study reveals that the dACC is not just a subregion of the ACC that contributes to a specific cognitive function, but is rather part of a salience network that influences general brain functioning, influencing cognitive as well as emotional processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-345
Number of pages13
JournalRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017



  • Anterior cingulate cortex
  • brain calcification
  • invasive brain stimulation
  • non-invasive brain stimulation
  • Stroop task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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