The Structure of the MAP2K MEK6 Reveals an Autoinhibitory Dimer

Xiaoshan Min, Radha Akella, Haixia He, John M. Humphreys, Susan E. Tsutakawa, Seung Jae Lee, John A. Tainer, Melanie H. Cobb, Elizabeth J. Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

MAP2Ks are dual-specificity protein kinases functioning at the center of three-tiered MAP kinase modules. The structure of the kinase domain of the MAP2K MEK6 with phosphorylation site mimetic aspartic acid mutations (MEK6/ΔN/DD) has been solved at 2.3 Å resolution. The structure reveals an autoinhibited elongated ellipsoidal dimer. The enzyme adopts an inactive conformation, based upon structural queues, despite the phosphomimetic mutations. Gel filtration and small-angle X-ray scattering analysis confirm that the crystallographically observed ellipsoidal dimer is a feature of MEK6/ΔN/DD and full-length unphosphorylated wild-type MEK6 in solution. The interface includes the phosphate binding ribbon of each subunit, part of the activation loop, and a rare "arginine stack" between symmetry-related arginine residues in the N-terminal lobe. The autoinhibited structure likely confers specificity on active MAP2Ks. The dimer may also serve the function in unphosphorylated MEK6 of preventing activation loop phosphorylation by inappropriate kinases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-104
Number of pages9
JournalStructure
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2009

Keywords

  • PROTEINS
  • SIGNALING

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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