Therapeutic plasma exchange in the management of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome: A report of three cases

Nicole De Simone, Lori Racsa, Scott Bevan, Karén Matevosyan, Thomas Valley, Carlos Girod, Ravi Sarode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sepsis with multi organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is the most common cause of death in patients in noncoronary intensive care units. Currently, there are no specific treatments that reduce mortality in patients with sepsis and MODS. We report three patients who received therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for sepsis with MODS who completely recovered. The first patient, a 3-year-old male presented with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-associated respiratory, renal, coagulation, hepatic, and neurologic dysfunction. After 5 TPEs, the patient fully recovered. The second patient was a 36-year-old pregnant female who developed MODS at 22 weeks of gestation. She had developed respiratory, hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, neurologic, and coagulation dysfunction following pneumonia and concurrent urinary tract infection resulting in an intrauterine fetal demise. After 8 TPEs, the patient was discharged home with only mild residual hepatic dysfunction. The third patient, a 50-year-old female with a history of seizure disorder, was found unresponsive in over 100°F heat and diagnosed with Staphylococcus aureus-associated MODS. Her respiratory, coagulation, neurologic, renal, and hepatic systems were affected. The patient underwent 6 TPEs after which she had marked improvement. In conclusion, TPE may be an effective adjunct therapy in MODS by possibly removing toxic mediators and replacing deficient factors using donor plasma. J. Clin. Apheresis 29:127-131, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Apheresis
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • coagulopathy
  • fresh frozen plasma
  • multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
  • sepsis
  • therapeutic plasma exchange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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