Timely pulmonary valve replacement may allow preservation of left ventricular circumferential strain in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot

Barbara E.U. Burkhardt, Marí Nieves Velasco Forte, Saravanan Durairaj, Isma Rafiq, Israel Valverde, Animesh Tandon, John Simpson, Tarique Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary insufficiency and a dilated right ventricle (RV) may suffer from a reduction in left ventricular (LV) performance. It is not clear whether timely pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) preserves LV mechanics. Methods: Ten TOF patients who underwent PVR were identified from hospital records, and pre- and postoperative cardiac magnetic resonance images were post-processed with a semi-automatic tissue tracking software. LV circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and torsion were compared before and after PVR. A control group of 10 age-matched normal volunteers was assessed as a comparison. Results: LV circumferential strain did not change before vs. after PVR (basal -18.3 ± 3.7 vs. -20.5 ± 3%, p = 0.082; mid-ventricular -18.4 ± 3.6 vs. -19.1 ± 2%, p = 0.571; apical -22.7 ± 5.2 vs. -22.1 ± 4%; p = 0.703). There was also no difference seen between the baseline strain and normal controls (control basal -18.2 ± 3.3%, p = 0.937; mid -18 ± 3.2%, p = 0.798; apex -24.1 ± 5%, p = 0.552). LV torsion remained unchanged from baseline to post PVR [systolic 2.75 (1.23-9.51) °/cm vs. 2.3 ± 1.2°/cm, p = 0.285; maximum 5.5 ± 3.5°/cm vs. 2.34 (1.37-8.07) °/cm, p = 0.083]. There was no difference in time to measured peak LV circumferential strain before vs. after PVR (basal 0.44 ± 0.1 vs. 0.43 ± 0.05, p = 0.912; mid-ventricular 0.42 ± 0.08 vs. 0.38 ± 0.06, p = 0.186; apical 0.40 ± 0.08 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, p = 0.995). At the same time, pulmonary regurgitation and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indices decreased and LV end-diastolic volume increased after PVR. RV and LV ejection fractions remained constant. Conclusion: PVR allows for favorable remodeling of both ventricular volumes for TOF patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation. In this cohort, LV myocardial functional parameters such as circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and LV torsion were normal at baseline and remain unchanged after PVR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2017

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Pulmonary Valve
Tetralogy of Fallot
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency
Heart Ventricles
Stroke Volume
Ventricular Remodeling
Hospital Records
Mechanics
Healthy Volunteers
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Software
Lung
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Congenital heart defects
  • Left ventricle
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Myocardial function
  • Pulmonary valve replacement
  • Strain
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Tissue tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Timely pulmonary valve replacement may allow preservation of left ventricular circumferential strain in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot. / Burkhardt, Barbara E.U.; Forte, Marí Nieves Velasco; Durairaj, Saravanan; Rafiq, Isma; Valverde, Israel; Tandon, Animesh; Simpson, John; Hussain, Tarique.

In: Frontiers in Pediatrics, Vol. 5, 39, 28.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burkhardt, Barbara E.U. ; Forte, Marí Nieves Velasco ; Durairaj, Saravanan ; Rafiq, Isma ; Valverde, Israel ; Tandon, Animesh ; Simpson, John ; Hussain, Tarique. / Timely pulmonary valve replacement may allow preservation of left ventricular circumferential strain in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot. In: Frontiers in Pediatrics. 2017 ; Vol. 5.
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abstract = "Introduction: Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary insufficiency and a dilated right ventricle (RV) may suffer from a reduction in left ventricular (LV) performance. It is not clear whether timely pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) preserves LV mechanics. Methods: Ten TOF patients who underwent PVR were identified from hospital records, and pre- and postoperative cardiac magnetic resonance images were post-processed with a semi-automatic tissue tracking software. LV circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and torsion were compared before and after PVR. A control group of 10 age-matched normal volunteers was assessed as a comparison. Results: LV circumferential strain did not change before vs. after PVR (basal -18.3 ± 3.7 vs. -20.5 ± 3{\%}, p = 0.082; mid-ventricular -18.4 ± 3.6 vs. -19.1 ± 2{\%}, p = 0.571; apical -22.7 ± 5.2 vs. -22.1 ± 4{\%}; p = 0.703). There was also no difference seen between the baseline strain and normal controls (control basal -18.2 ± 3.3{\%}, p = 0.937; mid -18 ± 3.2{\%}, p = 0.798; apex -24.1 ± 5{\%}, p = 0.552). LV torsion remained unchanged from baseline to post PVR [systolic 2.75 (1.23-9.51) °/cm vs. 2.3 ± 1.2°/cm, p = 0.285; maximum 5.5 ± 3.5°/cm vs. 2.34 (1.37-8.07) °/cm, p = 0.083]. There was no difference in time to measured peak LV circumferential strain before vs. after PVR (basal 0.44 ± 0.1 vs. 0.43 ± 0.05, p = 0.912; mid-ventricular 0.42 ± 0.08 vs. 0.38 ± 0.06, p = 0.186; apical 0.40 ± 0.08 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, p = 0.995). At the same time, pulmonary regurgitation and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indices decreased and LV end-diastolic volume increased after PVR. RV and LV ejection fractions remained constant. Conclusion: PVR allows for favorable remodeling of both ventricular volumes for TOF patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation. In this cohort, LV myocardial functional parameters such as circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and LV torsion were normal at baseline and remain unchanged after PVR.",
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T1 - Timely pulmonary valve replacement may allow preservation of left ventricular circumferential strain in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot

AU - Burkhardt, Barbara E.U.

AU - Forte, Marí Nieves Velasco

AU - Durairaj, Saravanan

AU - Rafiq, Isma

AU - Valverde, Israel

AU - Tandon, Animesh

AU - Simpson, John

AU - Hussain, Tarique

PY - 2017/2/28

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N2 - Introduction: Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary insufficiency and a dilated right ventricle (RV) may suffer from a reduction in left ventricular (LV) performance. It is not clear whether timely pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) preserves LV mechanics. Methods: Ten TOF patients who underwent PVR were identified from hospital records, and pre- and postoperative cardiac magnetic resonance images were post-processed with a semi-automatic tissue tracking software. LV circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and torsion were compared before and after PVR. A control group of 10 age-matched normal volunteers was assessed as a comparison. Results: LV circumferential strain did not change before vs. after PVR (basal -18.3 ± 3.7 vs. -20.5 ± 3%, p = 0.082; mid-ventricular -18.4 ± 3.6 vs. -19.1 ± 2%, p = 0.571; apical -22.7 ± 5.2 vs. -22.1 ± 4%; p = 0.703). There was also no difference seen between the baseline strain and normal controls (control basal -18.2 ± 3.3%, p = 0.937; mid -18 ± 3.2%, p = 0.798; apex -24.1 ± 5%, p = 0.552). LV torsion remained unchanged from baseline to post PVR [systolic 2.75 (1.23-9.51) °/cm vs. 2.3 ± 1.2°/cm, p = 0.285; maximum 5.5 ± 3.5°/cm vs. 2.34 (1.37-8.07) °/cm, p = 0.083]. There was no difference in time to measured peak LV circumferential strain before vs. after PVR (basal 0.44 ± 0.1 vs. 0.43 ± 0.05, p = 0.912; mid-ventricular 0.42 ± 0.08 vs. 0.38 ± 0.06, p = 0.186; apical 0.40 ± 0.08 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, p = 0.995). At the same time, pulmonary regurgitation and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indices decreased and LV end-diastolic volume increased after PVR. RV and LV ejection fractions remained constant. Conclusion: PVR allows for favorable remodeling of both ventricular volumes for TOF patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation. In this cohort, LV myocardial functional parameters such as circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and LV torsion were normal at baseline and remain unchanged after PVR.

AB - Introduction: Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary insufficiency and a dilated right ventricle (RV) may suffer from a reduction in left ventricular (LV) performance. It is not clear whether timely pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) preserves LV mechanics. Methods: Ten TOF patients who underwent PVR were identified from hospital records, and pre- and postoperative cardiac magnetic resonance images were post-processed with a semi-automatic tissue tracking software. LV circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and torsion were compared before and after PVR. A control group of 10 age-matched normal volunteers was assessed as a comparison. Results: LV circumferential strain did not change before vs. after PVR (basal -18.3 ± 3.7 vs. -20.5 ± 3%, p = 0.082; mid-ventricular -18.4 ± 3.6 vs. -19.1 ± 2%, p = 0.571; apical -22.7 ± 5.2 vs. -22.1 ± 4%; p = 0.703). There was also no difference seen between the baseline strain and normal controls (control basal -18.2 ± 3.3%, p = 0.937; mid -18 ± 3.2%, p = 0.798; apex -24.1 ± 5%, p = 0.552). LV torsion remained unchanged from baseline to post PVR [systolic 2.75 (1.23-9.51) °/cm vs. 2.3 ± 1.2°/cm, p = 0.285; maximum 5.5 ± 3.5°/cm vs. 2.34 (1.37-8.07) °/cm, p = 0.083]. There was no difference in time to measured peak LV circumferential strain before vs. after PVR (basal 0.44 ± 0.1 vs. 0.43 ± 0.05, p = 0.912; mid-ventricular 0.42 ± 0.08 vs. 0.38 ± 0.06, p = 0.186; apical 0.40 ± 0.08 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, p = 0.995). At the same time, pulmonary regurgitation and RV end-diastolic and end-systolic volume indices decreased and LV end-diastolic volume increased after PVR. RV and LV ejection fractions remained constant. Conclusion: PVR allows for favorable remodeling of both ventricular volumes for TOF patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation. In this cohort, LV myocardial functional parameters such as circumferential strain, time to peak strain, and LV torsion were normal at baseline and remain unchanged after PVR.

KW - Congenital heart defects

KW - Left ventricle

KW - Magnetic resonance

KW - Myocardial function

KW - Pulmonary valve replacement

KW - Strain

KW - Tetralogy of Fallot

KW - Tissue tracking

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