Tmem120a is a coenzyme a-binding membrane protein with structural similarities to elovl fatty acid elongase

Jing Xue, Yan Han, Hamid Baniasadi, Weizhong Zeng, Jimin Pei, Nick V. Grishin, Junmei Wang, Benjamin P. Tu, Youxing Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

TMEM120A, also named as TACAN, is a novel membrane protein highly conserved in vertebrates and was recently proposed to be a mechanosensitive channel involved in sensing mechanical pain. Here we present the single-particle cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of human TMEM120A, which forms a tightly packed dimer with extensive interactions mediated by the N-terminal coiled coil domain (CCD), the C-terminal transmembrane domain (TMD), and the re-entrant loop between the two domains. The TMD of each TMEM120A subunit contains six transmembrane helices (TMs) and has no clear structural feature of a channel protein. Instead, the six TMs form an a-barrel with a deep pocket where a coenzyme A (CoA) molecule is bound. Intriguingly, some structural features of TMEM120A resemble those of elongase for very long-chain fatty acids (ELOVL) despite the low sequence homology between them, pointing to the possibility that TMEM120A may function as an enzyme for fatty acid metabolism, rather than a mechanosensitive channel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere71220
JournaleLife
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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