Transcription of the Neurospora crassa circadian clock gene frequency (frq) is an essential process in the negative feedback loop that controls circadian rhythms. WHITE COLLAR 1 (WC-1) and WHITE COLLAR 2 (WC-2) forms the WC complex (WCC) that is the main activator of frq transcription by binding to its promoter. Here, we show that Centromere Binding Factor 1 (CBF-1) is a critical component of the N. crassa circadian clock by regulating frq transcription. Deletion of cbf-1 resulted in long period and low amplitude rhythms, whereas overexpression of CBF-1 abolished the circadian rhythms. Loss of CBF-1 resulted in WC-independent FRQ expression and suppression of WCC activity. As WCC, CBF-1 also binds to the C-box at the frq promoter. Overexpression of CBF-1 impaired WCC binding to the C-box to suppress frq transcription. Together, our results suggest that the proper level of CBF-1 is critical for circadian clock function by suppressing WC-independent FRQ expression and by regulating WCC binding to the frq promoter.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research