Trends in outcomes of patients with metastatic cancer undergoing intubation and mechanical ventilation: Results of the national hospital discharge survey

Arjun Gupta, Avash Das, Raseen Tariq, Nizar Bhulani, Naveen Premnath, Dipesh Solanky, Ryan D. Frank, David Johnson, Sahil Khanna, Muhammad S. Beg

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Abstract

Background: There has been an overall decline in intensive care unit mortality over the past 2 decades, including in patients undergoing intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV). Whether this decline extends to patients with metastatic cancer remains unknown. We analyzed the outcomes of patients with metastatic cancer undergoing intubation/MV using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) database from 2001 to 2010. Methods: Diagnosis and procedure codes were used to identify patients with metastatic cancer who underwent intubation/MV. Demographics, diagnoses, length of stay (LOS), and discharge information were abstracted. Multivariate linear and logistic regression models with weighted analysis were conducted to study trends in outcomes. Results: During the 10-year study period, 200,350 patients with metastatic cancer and who underwent intubation/MV were identified; the mean age was 65.3 years and 46.2% were men. There was an increase in the total number of patients with metastatic cancer who underwent intubation/MV during the study period, from 36,881 in 2001–2002 to 51,003 in 2009–2010 (P<.001). The overall inpatient mortality rate was 57.3%, discharge to a care facility (DTCF) rate was 40.9% among patients alive at discharge, and mean LOS was 11.1 days. No significant trends were seen in rates of mortality, DTCF, or LOS from 2001 to 2010. Conclusions: In this national database, there was an increase in the number of patients with metastatic cancer who underwent intubation/MV. These patients had high rates of inpatient mortality and DTCF, which did not improve during the study period. Therefore, novel solutions are required to improve outcomes for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalJNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2018

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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