Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations

on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors. Minority donors were stratified into the following groups: Asian, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, white, multiracial/other, and no answer/not sure. RESULTS: Over the 10-year period, white donors annually constituted the majority of unique donors (range, 70.7%-73.9%), had the greatest proportion of collections (range, 76.1%-79.8%), and donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (range, 76.3%-80.2%). These donors also had the highest annual donor fraction (range, 1.82-1.91 units per donor). Black or African American donors annually constituted between 4.9 and 5.2% of all donors during the study period and donated between 4.0 and 4.3% of all RBC units. Linear regression analysis revealed decreasing numbers of donors, collections, and donated RBC units from white donors over time. CONCLUSION: Although the US population has diversified, and minority recruitment programs have been implemented, white donors constitute the majority of RBC donors and donations. Focused and effective efforts are needed to increase the proportion of minority donors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1226-1234
Number of pages9
JournalTransfusion
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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Erythrocytes
Tissue Donors
Blood Donors
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Asian Americans
Linear Models
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

Cite this

on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative (2017). Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations. Transfusion, 57(5), 1226-1234. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.14039

Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations. / on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative.

In: Transfusion, Vol. 57, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 1226-1234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative 2017, 'Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations', Transfusion, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 1226-1234. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.14039
on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative. Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations. Transfusion. 2017 May 1;57(5):1226-1234. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.14039
on behalf of the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion (BEST) Collaborative. / Trends in US minority red blood cell unit donations. In: Transfusion. 2017 ; Vol. 57, No. 5. pp. 1226-1234.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors. Minority donors were stratified into the following groups: Asian, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, white, multiracial/other, and no answer/not sure. RESULTS: Over the 10-year period, white donors annually constituted the majority of unique donors (range, 70.7{\%}-73.9{\%}), had the greatest proportion of collections (range, 76.1{\%}-79.8{\%}), and donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (range, 76.3{\%}-80.2{\%}). These donors also had the highest annual donor fraction (range, 1.82-1.91 units per donor). Black or African American donors annually constituted between 4.9 and 5.2{\%} of all donors during the study period and donated between 4.0 and 4.3{\%} of all RBC units. Linear regression analysis revealed decreasing numbers of donors, collections, and donated RBC units from white donors over time. CONCLUSION: Although the US population has diversified, and minority recruitment programs have been implemented, white donors constitute the majority of RBC donors and donations. Focused and effective efforts are needed to increase the proportion of minority donors.",
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AU - Karafin, Matthew S.

AU - Sayers, Merlyn

AU - Vassallo, Ralph

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N2 - BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors. Minority donors were stratified into the following groups: Asian, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, white, multiracial/other, and no answer/not sure. RESULTS: Over the 10-year period, white donors annually constituted the majority of unique donors (range, 70.7%-73.9%), had the greatest proportion of collections (range, 76.1%-79.8%), and donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (range, 76.3%-80.2%). These donors also had the highest annual donor fraction (range, 1.82-1.91 units per donor). Black or African American donors annually constituted between 4.9 and 5.2% of all donors during the study period and donated between 4.0 and 4.3% of all RBC units. Linear regression analysis revealed decreasing numbers of donors, collections, and donated RBC units from white donors over time. CONCLUSION: Although the US population has diversified, and minority recruitment programs have been implemented, white donors constitute the majority of RBC donors and donations. Focused and effective efforts are needed to increase the proportion of minority donors.

AB - BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors. Minority donors were stratified into the following groups: Asian, black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Indian or Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, white, multiracial/other, and no answer/not sure. RESULTS: Over the 10-year period, white donors annually constituted the majority of unique donors (range, 70.7%-73.9%), had the greatest proportion of collections (range, 76.1%-79.8%), and donated the greatest proportion of RBC units (range, 76.3%-80.2%). These donors also had the highest annual donor fraction (range, 1.82-1.91 units per donor). Black or African American donors annually constituted between 4.9 and 5.2% of all donors during the study period and donated between 4.0 and 4.3% of all RBC units. Linear regression analysis revealed decreasing numbers of donors, collections, and donated RBC units from white donors over time. CONCLUSION: Although the US population has diversified, and minority recruitment programs have been implemented, white donors constitute the majority of RBC donors and donations. Focused and effective efforts are needed to increase the proportion of minority donors.

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