Trends in Use, Outcomes, and Disparities in Endovascular Thrombectomy in US Patients with Stroke Aged 80 Years and Older Compared with Younger Patients

Amelia K. Adcock, Lee H. Schwamm, Eric E. Smith, Gregg C. Fonarow, Mathew J. Reeves, Haolin Xu, Roland A. Matsouaka, Ying Xian, Jeffrey L. Saver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: Patients aged 80 years and older were often excluded or underrepresented in pivotal endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) trials. Accordingly, trends in frequency, outcomes, and disparities of EVT use merit close analysis. Objective: To delineate temporal trends in EVT use, outcomes, and disparities among patients with acute ischemic stroke aged 80 years and older vs those younger than 80 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: A US nationwide retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected data was conducted in patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke between April 1, 2012, and June 30, 2019. Data were obtained from hospitals participating in the Get With the Guidelines-Stroke (GWTG-Stroke) program, which is a stroke quality improvement registry, with data collected prospectively, sponsored by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Data analysis was conducted from November 2, 2020, to June 25, 2021. Exposures: Potentially eligible for EVT based on arrival within 6 hours and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score greater than or equal to 6. Main Outcomes and Measures: Efficacy outcomes included discharge to home, independent ambulation at discharge, and functional independence (modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) at discharge. Safety outcomes included in-hospital mortality, combined in-hospital mortality or discharge to hospice, and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Results: Among 302965 patients with ischemic stroke meeting study criteria as potentially eligible for EVT admitted to 614 GWTG-Stroke hospitals, 14.0% (42 422) received EVT (21 634 women [51.0%]), including 10.7% (12 768 of 119 453) of patients aged 80 years and older (median [IQR] age, 85 [82-89] years) and 16.2% (29 654 of 183 512) of patients younger than 80 years (median [IQR] age, 65 [56-73] years). Among patients aged 80 years and older, EVT rates increased substantially during the study period, from 3.3% in early 2012 to 20.8% in early 2019. By study end, the relative rate of EVT among eligible patients aged 80 years and older compared with those younger than 80 years increased from 0.49 (3.3% vs 6.7%) to 0.76 (20.8% vs 27.3%). Older patients had worse outcomes at discharge compared with younger patients, including discharge to home: 12.5% vs 31.1% (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.43; 95% CI, 0.40-0.46), functional independence (modified Rankin Scale score 0-2): 10.9% vs 26.6% (aOR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.41-0.49), and inpatient death or discharge to hospice, 34.5% vs 16.1% (aOR, 2.22; 95% CI, 2.09-2.36). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage rates did not differ significantly (6.9% vs 6.5%; aOR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.94-1.14). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, use of EVT among individuals aged 80 years and older increased substantially from 2012 to 2019, although the rate remained lower than in younger patients. Although favorable functional outcomes at discharge were lower and combined mortality or discharge to hospice was higher in the older patients, the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was not increased..

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2215869
JournalJAMA Network Open
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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