A 78-year-old individual, who had a previous transthoracic Nissen fundoplication 20 years earlier, presented to our institution with hemoptysis. Initial workup included chest roentgenogram, upper gastrointestinal series, and upper endoscopy, all of which were nondiagnostic. A repeat upper endoscopy diagnosed a gastrobronchial fistula by revealing a large gastric ulcer that penetrated into the lung parenchyma. The patient underwent surgery for takedown of the fistula. One of the most common symptoms associated with gastrobronchial fistula is hemoptysis, although insidious cough, recurrent pneumonia, or gastrointestinal bleeding are also observed. The most useful diagnostic study is an upper gastrointestinal series, which must be read with a high index of suspicion. Gastrobronchial fistula is most commonly a long-term complication from hiatal hernia repair. The most frequently used procedure for repair of this disorder is the Nissen fundoplication. This can be done from either an abdominal or transthoracic approach. When the procedure is done such that the gastric wrap is left above the diaphragm, serious complications can occur. These include gastric ulceration, gastric herniation with gastric outlet obstruction, slippage or perforation of the wrap, and gastrobronchial fistula. Because of these serious complications, the Nissen fundoplication with the wrap left above the diaphragm should only be used in certain situations, such as obesity and shortened esophagus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1998|
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