Purpose To report long-term outcomes (risk of late toxicities, local control, and survival) of dose escalation by stereotactic radiation therapy boost to residual fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–positive residual disease after chemoradiation (CRT) in stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials Patients with stage IIB/III NSCLC underwent computed tomography or positron emission tomography–computed tomography screening approximately 1 month after completion of CRT. Limited residual disease (≤5 cm) within the site of the primary tumor received a stereotactic radiation therapy boost of either 10 Gy × 2 fractions or 6.5 Gy × 3 fractions to the primary tumor, to achieve a total Biologically Equivalent Dose >100 Gy. Results Thirty-seven patients received protocol therapy. With a median follow-up of 25.2 months, the crude local control rate for the entire group was 78% (n=29), but 10 patients (29%) and 24 patients (65%) developed regional and metastatic disease, respectively. At last follow-up, 5 patients (13.5%) remain alive, all with no evidence of disease, whereas 27 (73%) died of disease and the remaining 5 (13.5%) died of other causes. Median overall survival (OS) for the entire group was 25.2 months. Predictors for grade 3 pneumonitis included age and mean lung dose. Poorer median OS was associated with histology: median OS 15.6 months for squamous cell versus 34.8 months for other histologies (large cell neuroendocrine tumors excluded) (P=.04). The median progression-free survival was 6 months, with IIIB disease having significantly worse median progression-free survival (stages IIB/IIA being 9.4 months, vs 4.7 months for stage IIIB [P=.03]). Conclusions Stereotactic radiation therapy boost after CRT is a safe treatment resulting in improvements in local control for locally advanced NSCLC. No additional late toxicities were seen. Possible improvement in OS was found, but further study in a larger prospective trial is needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research