Stroke continues to have a devastating impact on public health. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that stroke is becoming more common, perhaps due to the ageing of the population and increased survival of patients with cardiac disease. There are specific and well-defined risk factors in patients with stroke, the most important being hypertension. Treatment options to reverse the effect of acute ischaemic stroke are limited. The only approved therapy is intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). The disadvantage of tPA treatment is a rate of symptomatic haemorrhage of about 6%. Newer stroke prevention options are currently being investigated including statins, oestrogen, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). The challenge for physicians is to select the most effective intervention, and this depends on our knowledge of the underlying stroke mechanism and the patient's risk factors.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers
- Cerebrovascular disease
- Ischaemic stroke
- Tissue plasminogen activators
ASJC Scopus subject areas