Uterosacral ligament suspension sutures: Anatomic relationships in unembalmed female cadavers

Cecilia K. Wieslander, Shayzreen M. Roshanravan, Clifford Y. Wai, Joseph I. Schaffer, Marlene M. Corton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of the study was to characterize anatomic relationships of uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) sutures. Study Design: The relationship of USLS sutures to the ureters, rectal lumen, and sidewall neurovascular structures was examined in 15 unembalmed female cadavers. Results: The mean distance of the proximal sutures to the ureters and rectal lumen was 14 mm (range, 0-33) and 10 mm (range, 0-33), respectively. The mean distance of the distal sutures to the ureters was 14 mm (range, 4-33) and to the rectal lumen 13 mm (range, 3-23). Right sutures were noted at the level of S1 in 37.5%, S2 in 37.5%, and S3 in 25% of specimens. Left sutures were noted at the level of S1 in 50%, S2 in 29.2%, and S3 in 20.8% of cadavers. Of 48 sutures passed, 1 entrapped the S3 nerve. Sutures perforated the pelvic sidewall vessels in 4.1% of specimens. Conclusion: USLS sutures can directly injure the ureters, rectum, and neurovascular structures in the pelvic walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672.e1-672.e6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2007



  • anatomy
  • nerve injury
  • rectal injury
  • ureteral injury
  • uterosacral ligament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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