Background - Two subtypes of endothelin (ET) receptors, ETA and ETB, are distributed in vascular smooth muscle cells to cause contraction and proliferation. Vascular endothelial cells express only ETB receptors, which cause NO release. Although ETA receptor blockade is reported to be effective in ameliorating vascular remodeling, there is no report on the long-term effect of ETB receptor blockade on vascular remodeling after injury. Methods and Results - ETB receptor-knockout (KO) mice, which were genetically rescued from lethal intestinal aganglionosis, and wild-type (WT) mice underwent complete ligation of the right common carotid artery, ie, a blood flow cessation model of vascular remodeling. Fourteen days after ligation, the intimal area, the ratio of intimal to medial areas, and the stenotic ratio in the ligated artery of KO mice were significantly increased compared with those of WT mice. The expression level of ET-1 mRNA in the ligated artery of KO mice was increased similarly to that of WT mice, whereas tissue NOx levels in lesions of KO mice were significantly lower than those of WT mice. Long-term treatment with the ETA receptor antagonist TA-0201 (0.5 mg · kg-1 · d-1) significantly ameliorated vascular stenosis in both groups. Long-term treatment with the ETB receptor antagonist A-192621 (30 mg · kg-1 · d-1) worsened vascular remodeling in WT mice. Conclusions - We demonstrated that inhibition of the ETB receptor system is harmful for vascular remodeling after injury, the mechanism of which is partly attributed to decreased NO release, in KO mice. These results suggest that the overall effect of vascular ETB receptors is antiproliferative in the injured artery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 8 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)