Venous Thromboembolism as Predictor of Acute Care Hospital Transfer and Inpatient Rehabilitation Length of Stay

Shanti M. Pinto, Gary Galang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of venous thromboembolism (VTE) on rate of acute care hospital transfer, inpatient rehabilitation (IPR) length of stay (LOS), and functional outcomes. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study of 2312 consecutive patient discharges from a single IPR facility over an 18-month period. Results: When age, sex, reason for admission, and admission Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were controlled for, those with VTE had nearly 2 times greater odds for transfer to acute care hospital than did those without a diagnosis of VTE. Inpatient rehabilitation LOS was 4.700 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.956-6.445 days) longer for those with a diagnosis of VTE prior to IPR admission and 2.287 days (95% CI, 1.026-3.547 days) longer for those with a diagnosis of VTE during IPR admission compared with those without a diagnosis of VTE. There was no difference in FIM change based on VTE diagnosis. Venous thromboembolism diagnosis during IPR was associated with a significant decrease in FIM efficiency (-0.358; 95% CI, -0.654 to -0.062) if diagnosed during IPR admission, but there was no difference in FIM efficiency if VTE was diagnosed prior to IPR. Conclusions: Patients with a diagnosis of VTE were more likely to be transferred to the acute care hospital and have longer IPR LOS independent of admission FIM scores. It is important to prevent development of VTE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume96
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain injury
  • Deep venous Thrombosis
  • Inpatient rehabilitation
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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