Arabidopsis thaliana two-pore channel AtTPC1 is a voltage-gated, Ca2+-modulated, nonselective cation channel that is localized in the vacuolar membrane and responsible for generating slow vacuolar (SV) current. Under depolarizing membrane potential, cytosolic Ca2+ activates AtTPC1 by binding at the EF-hand domain, whereas luminal Ca2+ inhibits the channel by stabilizing the voltage-sensing domain II (VSDII) in the resting state. Here, we present 2.8 to 3.3 Å cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures of AtTPC1 in two conformations, one in closed conformation with unbound EF-hand domain and resting VSDII and the other in a partially open conformation with Ca2+-bound EF-hand domain and activated VSDII. Structural comparison between the two different conformations allows us to elucidate the structural mechanisms of voltage gating, cytosolic Ca2+ activation, and their coupling in AtTPC1. This study also provides structural insight into the general voltage-gating mechanism among voltage-gated ion channels.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 7 2021|
- Ca activation
- Voltage gating
ASJC Scopus subject areas