Enpp1 is an anti-aging factor that regulates Klotho under phosphate overload conditions

Ryuichi Watanabe, Nobuyuki Fujita, Yuiko Sato, Tami Kobayashi, Mayu Morita, Takatsugu Oike, Kana Miyamoto, Makoto Kuro-o, Toshimi Michigami, Seiji Fukumoto, Takashi Tsuji, Yoshiaki Toyama, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Takeshi Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Control of phosphate metabolism is crucial to regulate aging in mammals. Klotho is a well-known anti-aging factor that regulates phosphate metabolism: mice mutant or deficient in Klotho exhibit phenotypes resembling human aging. Here we show that ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (Enpp1) is required for Klotho expression under phosphate overload conditions. Loss-of-function Enpp1ttw/ttw mice under phosphate overload conditions exhibited phenotypes resembling human aging and Klotho mutants, such as short life span, arteriosclerosis and osteoporosis, with elevated serum 1,25(OH)2D3 levels. Enpp1ttw/ttw mice also exhibited significantly reduced renal Klotho expression under phosphate overload conditions, and aging phenotypes in these mice were rescued by Klotho overexpression, a low vitamin D diet or vitamin D receptor knockout. These findings indicate that Enpp1 plays a crucial role in regulating aging via Klotho expression under phosphate overload conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7786
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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